CONGENITAL SYPHILIS

Clinical

Fetal complications include stillbirths and spontaneous abortions. Changes in the skin include a papular rash that often has a coppery hue with a preference for the palms and soles and erosive or bullous lesions. Common congenital anomalies include hepatosplenomegaly, thrombocytopenia and anemia. Hutchinson's triad consists of Hutchinson's teeth (barrel-shaped incisors with a notch at the cutting edge), eighth nerve deafness and interstitial keratitis. Infiltration about the mouth occurs in congenital syphilis which may leave radiating scars and fissures called rhagades upon healing.

Treatment

Treating any mother who contracts syphilis with penicillin is very effective at preventing congenital syphilis. For children born with this condition, a multidisciplinary approach is needed.

References

Figure 3 is Hutchison's teeth. BMJ Case Rep. 2011 Dec 21;2011

Acta Derm Venereol 2014; 94: 321–322

New Zealand Health Board


It is not the intention of RegionalDerm.com to provide specific medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. RegionalDerm.com only intends to provide users with information regarding various medical conditions for educational purposes and will not provide specific medical advice. Information on RegioinalDerm.com is not intended as a substitute for seeking medical treatment and you should always seek the advice of a qualified healthcare provider for diagnosis and for answers to your individual questions. Information contained on RegoinalDerm.com should never cause you to disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking treatment. If you live in the United States and believe you are having a medical emergency call 911 immediately.