RUBELLA

By Gary M. White, MD


Rubella is a viral exanthem caused by an RNA togavirus. Also known as German measles, rubella is generally a mild illness, involving a three-day rash and low-grade fever. However, if a pregnant woman gets the disease, the unborn child can be severely affected with the congenital rubella syndrome.

Clinical

The maculopapular rash starts at the face and spreads downward over several days. A significant fever may accompany the rash. An arthritis may affect females.

Treatment

Usually, no treatment other than supportive care is needed.

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