NUMMULAR ECZEMA

By Gary M. White, MD

Nummular eczema


Nummular eczema is a variant of eczema also known as discoid eczema in which lesions are "coin-shaped". Dry skin is the most common triggering factor. Prolonged and repeated water contact (e.g. swimming, long baths) may also contribute.

Clinical

Round, inflamed, scaly lesions occur in crops. Lesions are usually very pruritic. The extremities are preferred. The surface may be relatively dry or quite moist and crusted.

Treatment

The patient requires a potent topical steroid, e.g. class I-II. Hydrocortisone or triamcinolone will not be very effective. The topical steroid should be applied immediately after the shower or bath. As the condition clears the patient may be transitioned to a moisturizing cream (cetaphil or eucerin cream, Aquaphor, or vaseline). Failure of the patient to moisturize long term usually leads to recurrence. The dry skin handout may be given. If the condition worsens with topical steroids, rethink the diagnosis. Could it be tinea? (Tinea usually clears in the center whereas nummular eczema is inflamed throughout.) Or could it be secondarily infected with Staphylococcus? Adding an oral antibiotic might help clear the lesions.

Additional Photos

Nummular eczema Nummular eczema Nummular eczema

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