By Gary M. White, MD

Exfoliative erythroderma

Exfoliative erythroderma (EE) is not a disease, but instead a clinical term in which the patient's skin is diffusely red and scaly. When faced with this clinical presentation, a search for the cause is in order.

Workup and Differential Diagnosis

A good history as well as a skin biopsy are key. The list below is partial, but includes the most common causes of EE.


The treatment depends upon the cause.

Additional Pictures

Exfoliative erythroderma Exfoliative erythroderma


This article contains a photo of the "Deck chair sign" in erythroderma from Parthenium dermatitis. JAMA Dermatol. 2015;151(8):906-907


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