CAT SCRATCH DISEASE

By Gary M. White, MD

Cat Scratch Disease Non-descript papule 2-3 weeks after a cat scratch there.


Cat scratch disease is a feline-associated zoonotic disease with an annual US incidence estimated at 22,000 cases. It is most common in those less than 10 years of age. It represents an infection of the skin and regional lymph nodes by the gram-negative Bartonella henselae. Patients tend to have recently been bitten, scratched or licked by a kitten.

Clinical

At the inoculation site, an inflammatory papulonodule forms. Several weeks later, painful lymphadenopathy develops. Encephalitis is a rare complication.

The standard diagnosis is serologic testing and may be considered in patients who present with adenopathy, fever, malaise and history of feline contact. The organism is difficult to culture.

Treatment

An infectious disease specialist should be consulted. Usually no treatment is needed. Several antibiotics including ciprofloxacin, rifampin and tetracycline have been given. Fluctuant nodes may be drained. The patient does not appear to be contagious to others. There is some evidence that azithromycin hastens resolution of the adenopathy.

Additional Pictures

Primary lesions. Photos courtesy Roger Bitar, MD
Cat Scratch Disease Cat Scratch Disease Cat Scratch Disease

Axillary adenopathy and fluid drained. Photos courtesy Roger Bitar, MD
Axillary Adenopathy in Cat Scratch Disease Fluid drained from the axillary node in Cat Scratch Disease

RegionalDerm

Homepage | FAQs | Use of Images | Contact Dr. White


It is not the intention of RegionalDerm.com to provide specific medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. RegionalDerm.com only intends to provide users with information regarding various medical conditions for educational purposes and will not provide specific medical advice. Information on RegionalDerm.com is not intended as a substitute for seeking medical treatment and you should always seek the advice of a qualified healthcare provider for diagnosis and for answers to your individual questions. Information contained on RegionalDerm.com should never cause you to disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking treatment. If you live in the United States and believe you are having a medical emergency call 911 immediately.